Family Court in New York

spousal-support

The New York State Family Court has a wide range of powers and is designed to protect the rights and take action in relation to the lives of children, parents and spouses.

Sharova Law Firm's team of lawyers practicing in New York State have jointly prepared this article to inform the public and give an idea of what the family court process looks like in New York.

In New York, each of the five municipal boroughs has its own family court. Generally, a lawsuit can be filed free of charge in the county where one of the parties resides.

 

Bronx County Family Court

The Bronx County Family Court is located at 900 Sheridan Ave, Bronx NY 10451 (corner of 161st Street).

Phone: 718-618-2098

Fax: 718-590-7875 Email: bronxfamilycourt@nycourts.gov

Opening hours:

from 9:00 to 17:00.

Petitions will be filed starting at 8:00 a.m.

It is necessary to arrive at the court in advance, because all persons entering the courthouse must go through a magnetometer.

Metered parking available.

Access to Sheridan Avenue is accessible to people with disabilities.

There is a children's center on the ground floor, as well as a Spanish and Albanian interpreter service. Other languages, including sign language, are available upon request.

 

Kings County Family Court (Brooklyn)

Kings County Family Court (Brooklyn) is located at 330 Jay Street, Brooklyn 11201, downtown Brooklyn.

Phone: 347-401-9610

Email: kingsfamilycourt@nycourts.gov

Opening hours:

from 9:00 to 17:00.

Petitions will be filed starting at 8:30 a.m.

All visitors are checked through a magnetometer.

Kings County Family Court is fully compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

Parking is limited and therefore more convenient to go by public transport.

The children's center is open Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 13:00 and from 14:00 to 16:30.

An interpreter service is available for Spanish, Russian, French and Creole. All other languages, including sign language, are available upon request.

 

New York County Family Court (Manhattan)

New York County Family Court (Manhattan) is located at 60 Lafayette Street, NY 10013; in lower Manhattan, between Franklin and Leonard streets.

Phone: 646-386-5223

Email: manhattanfamilycourt@nycourts.gov

Opening hours:

from 9:00 to 17:00.

Petitions will be filed starting at 8:30 a.m.

It is necessary to arrive at the court in advance. All visitors are checked through a magnetometer.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliant only at the entrance. Wheelchair accessible bathrooms are also available on the 7th and 9th floors. Contact the court for specific fixtures.

There is a children's room and interpreter services are provided for Spanish, Russian, French, Creole and sign languages. Other languages upon request.

 

Queens County Family Court

The Queens County Family Court is located at 151-20 Jamaica Ave. Jamaica, NY 11432, across from Rufus King Park.

Phone: 718-298-0197

Email: queensfamilycourt@nycourts.gov

Opening hours:

from 9:00 to 17:00.

Petitions will be filed starting at 8:30 a.m.

All persons entering the courthouse must go through a magnetometer.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliant entrances are available on Jamaica and Archer avenues, lounges. Assisted listening devices available upon request.

Metered street parking (minimum).

The children's center is open Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 13:00. Spanish and Chinese (Mandarin, Cantonese, Shanghainese) interpreter services are available. Other languages upon request.

 

Richmond County Family Court (Staten Island)

The Richmond County Family Court is located at 100 Richmond Terrace, Staten Island, NY, 10301; two blocks west of the St. George terminal.

Phone: 718-675-8800

Email: richmondfamilycourt@nycourts.gov

Opening hours:

from 9:00 to 17:00.

Petitions will be filed starting at 8:30 a.m.

All persons entering the courthouse must go through a magnetometer.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliant ramp is available at the back entrance to the courthouse and bathrooms on the 1st and 2nd floors. You can contact the court at 718-675-8890 to ask for specific accommodations.

Municipal parking is available on Hyatt Street.

There is a children's center at 18 Richmond Terrace, 1st floor, Staten Island, NY 10301, which is open from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm.

 

Highlights in the work of family courts in New York: 

  • When a family law case is brought to court, it is assigned a personal identification number;
  • There are no juries in Family Court;
  • The judge or auxiliary magistrate conducts the hearing and decides the case. Child Support Judges hear child support and paternity cases;
  • Generally, family court is open to the public and even to individuals who are not involved in the case. However, the judge or auxiliary magistrate presiding in each case has the right to exclude the public from the courtroom if he considers it necessary to do so in the interests of the privacy of the parties or according to the nature of the case;

 

Litigation commencement

People who need to appear in court must arrive at the courthouse at the appointed time, without delay. If any party to the proceeding fails to appear in court, the judge or auxiliary magistrate may dismiss the case, or, if he thinks fit, hear the case in the absence of the non-arriving party.

Litigation can take quite a long time. Therefore, each family court building has a waiting area for children where they can stay while the case is being heard in court. Also, in the buildings of family courts in the counties of the Bronx, Kings, New York and Queens there are children's centers where free supervision and care services are provided for children whose parents are to be on trial.

 

Appeal of judgements and decisions

Once the case is completed and the judgment is delivered, each party has the right to appeal the verdict by asking a higher court to review the evidence and any testimony provided at the Family Court hearing.

Decisions that have been made by the Auxiliary Magistrates are first appealed by filing an appeal. The Family Court Judge then reviews the verdict and order of the Auxiliary Magistrates.

The appeal may result in the judgment being left unchanged, partially modified, or completely modified.

Family Court records are not available to the public, but the court may sometimes allow access to the records.

Persons who are involved in the proceedings and wish to receive a copy of the court order may request a copy from the registration room of the courthouse where the case was heard.

 

Opening hours and divisions

Petitions for family offenses can be filed remotely or in person Monday through Friday (excluding public holidays) from 9:00 am to 3:00 pm.

All Family Courts in New York are open all day, Monday through Friday, excluding public holidays. At lunchtime, the hearing rooms are closed for the lunch break. Specific information about hours can be obtained by calling the courthouse.

Each family court in New York City has three operational divisions responsible for managing day-to-day operations: 

  • Help Center;

Provides legal information and assistance other than legal advice. Assists with petitions (family offences, visitation and child custody, child and spousal support, custody, paternity, Interstate Support (UIFSA).

  • Permanent planning office;

Manages and monitors the filing of child protection cases and monitors cases of juvenile delinquency and persons in need of supervision. The functions of the permanent planning office additionally include the child protection procedure, childcare guidance for foster families, placement in a foster family, termination of parental rights and adoptions.

  • Office of Judicial Activities

Manages the needs of trial court staff and monitors court schedules and execution of court orders. The functions of the office of judicial activities additionally include the services of a court reporter, interpretation, appeal and recording on call.

 

spousal-support

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